An artifact is an electronic form that collects and stores a variety of student and faculty work, from general files to syllabi to lesson plans, which users can attach to assignments, course binders, field experience binders, and portfolios.
Many artifacts in ePortfolio are designed to meet individual specifications for the assignment, course binder, portfolio, or field experience to which they are attached. Many projects don't require specialized artifacts, and will use the File-type artifact, which allows text entry or file uploads, and no particular field is required except for the title.
Make sure every artifact has a unique title. The description is for your use. The Content text box and File Upload fields are where you'll input the material for your artifact.